However, the temperature now is about 30 C, much hig

higher than in previous years,” she said. “Also, the rainy season is supposed to

begin after the May Day holiday, but I haven’t seen a drop of rain so far.”

Data from the National Climate Center shows that the average rainfall from April 1 to May 17 is 35.3 millim

eters, down almost two-thirds from the same period last year, the least recorded rainfall over that period since 1961.

In addition to the drought, the average temperature is 1.9 C higher than average for the period, the highest since 1961.

Chen, the chief forecaster, said that according to the mid- to long-term forecast ra

infall will relieve drought in the eastern part of Yunnan province, though its western part will still be plagued by the drought.

Surveillance from the National Climate Center shows that

drought is also occurring in the Inner Mongolia and Guangxi Zhuang autonomous regions, as well

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the middle of this century, digital villages will be compl

pletely built nationwide to advance rural revitalization.

To fulfill such targets, the country will accelerate the construction of IT infr

astructures in rural areas, upgrading rural internet facilities and information services.

More efforts will be made to boost the rural digital economy, with wider use of digital technolo

gies in agriculture and the development of e-commerce and various emerging creative industries in rural regions.

While providing more support for rural technological innovation, the co

untry will strengthen ecological protection in rural areas with digital technologies.

Moreover, the guideline stressed the significance of improving internet access in rural areas in poverty alleviation and ca

lled for enhanced information sharing to promote urban-rural integrated development.

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Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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Festival will mark 80th anniversary of popular cantata

The Central Conservatory of Music will hold a festival from May 23 to 27 to celebrate the 80th anniversary of The Yellow River Cantata.

Written by composer Xian Xinghai (1905–1945) in Yan’an, Shaanxi pro

vince, in early 1939, the piece was inspired by a patriotic poem by Guang Weiran, and the lyrics

were adapted for the cantata. Premiered on April 13 of the same year in Yan’an, the work became, and remains, popular.

The conservatory’s symphony orchestra, choirs and chamber music grou

ps will join in the festival with 20 concerts, including the opening concert on May 23 condu

cted by Yu Feng, president of the university. The Yellow River Cantata will be performed by young singers.

Veteran Chinese musicians and singers, including Guo Shuzhen and Wang Xiufen, will perform during the festival.

Besides concerts, masterclasses and forums will be held in Yan’an.

The music festival will also celebrate the 70th birthday of the country.

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Digital tech applications creating jobs for women, engineer

merging jobs related to the digital economy have been and are expected to continue gro

wing quickly in China as digital technology is applied in more fields, said a senior executive from LinkedIn.

New media operators, front-end development engineers, algori

thm engineers, user interface designers, and data analysts were the top five profes

sions with the fastest growing number of practitioners in China on the US-based professional networking site fro

m 2013 to 2017, said Lu Jian, president of LinkedIn China in an exclusive interview with China Daily.

“Digital economy, which has become part of the national strategy, is just unfolding in the country. It won’t surprise us if such jobs con

tinue to draw employees of both genders and in both urban and rural areas in the coming years,” Lu said.

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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market confidence in outstanding ways and promoted the stab

le growth of the economy, he said, adding that the positive factors for economic growth are increasing.

Noting that the uncertainties in the global economic environment are also rising and there remai

n downward pressures on the domestic economy, Li called for both attention and confidence from the entrepreneurs.

Related departments should follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Though

t on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, invigorate the market thro

ugh deepening reform and opening-up and ensure the stable growth of the economy, Li said.

He said that tax reduction is the key to improving the business environm

ent and invigorating the market, which will not only stabilize growth and employment bu

t also encourage companies to invest more in innovation for long-term development.

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The traditional family model of the man bringing hom

the bacon and the woman looking after the family doesn’t seem to have changed much eve

n today. As a result, Chinese mothers still shoulder most of the responsibilities of raising kids.

In the absence of fathers, mothers are more likely to pay greater attention to their kids and their

education. This could not only prevent the children from learning life skills, but also make them bur

dens for their mothers. And the greater the burden they become, the more their mothers would be stressed out.

Yet such anxiety could be easily shared by, if not transferred to, other family members. A highly emotional yet anxious moth

er is more likely to make a wrong decision about her child’s education, which in turn could have a negative imp

act not only on the child’s healthy growth but also the health of the mother and the husband-wife relationship.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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Embrace exhibition through greener lifestyle at the

The Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition opened just two days before the May holiday, giving

the public a close-up view of state-of-the-art gardens created by horticulturists from around the world.

China hosted a similar exhibition in Kunming, Yunnan province, in 1

999. In the two decades since, the social and economic situations in China have unde

rgone tremendous changes. A growing awareness of environmental protection is one of them.

Two decades ago, the Chinese people embraced the Kunming horticu

ltural show as a novelty and curiosity because the countr

y at that time did not have many opportunities to host large international gatherings.

Economic development at the time was the top priority of the country,

which explains why the news media were so interested in reporting that 15 billion yu

an ($2.23 billion) in economic and trade deals were inked during the exhibition.

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