Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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He said that it’s of great importance to promote such philos

philosophies to enhance the exchanges and mutual learning of diverse civilizations.

Frederick W. Russell-Rivoallan, a program specialist and head of social and human sciences for UNESCO, hailed the dialogue of Asian civilizations.

“It’s a great way to concentrate in this part of world, but it’s also

a global inspiration – bringing countries together, understanding other cultures, respecting each

other and sharing with each other,” he said. “That’s the way that we can understand each other better and live together better.”

China will extend 1,000-Megabyte broadband connection to more than 300 cities and cut the

average service rates by 15 percent for small and midsized enterprises this year. The measures are desi

gned to achieve multiplying effects of expanding domestic demand, boosting employment and improving people’s lives.

The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on May 14.

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Digital tech applications creating jobs for women, engineer

merging jobs related to the digital economy have been and are expected to continue gro

wing quickly in China as digital technology is applied in more fields, said a senior executive from LinkedIn.

New media operators, front-end development engineers, algori

thm engineers, user interface designers, and data analysts were the top five profes

sions with the fastest growing number of practitioners in China on the US-based professional networking site fro

m 2013 to 2017, said Lu Jian, president of LinkedIn China in an exclusive interview with China Daily.

“Digital economy, which has become part of the national strategy, is just unfolding in the country. It won’t surprise us if such jobs con

tinue to draw employees of both genders and in both urban and rural areas in the coming years,” Lu said.

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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The National Health Commission issued draft regulatio

ns in February for the clinical application of new biomedical technologies, stipulating that clini

cal research that involves human trials, including gene editing, stem cells, organ transplants be

tween species and assisted reproductive technologies, must secure the approval of the commission in advance.

Under the draft, which is yet to be adopted, violators may face punishments including fines, revocation of business permits or criminal charges.

The commission this year will complete its revision of an existing r

egulation on ethical inspection of human-related biomedical research that was adopted in 2016.

Authorities are also considering establishing a national ethics co

mmittee that supervises life science technologies and researchers to ensure compliance wi

th ethical standards, Huang Jiefu, former vice-minister of health, told China Daily in an earlier interview.

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The traditional family model of the man bringing hom

the bacon and the woman looking after the family doesn’t seem to have changed much eve

n today. As a result, Chinese mothers still shoulder most of the responsibilities of raising kids.

In the absence of fathers, mothers are more likely to pay greater attention to their kids and their

education. This could not only prevent the children from learning life skills, but also make them bur

dens for their mothers. And the greater the burden they become, the more their mothers would be stressed out.

Yet such anxiety could be easily shared by, if not transferred to, other family members. A highly emotional yet anxious moth

er is more likely to make a wrong decision about her child’s education, which in turn could have a negative imp

act not only on the child’s healthy growth but also the health of the mother and the husband-wife relationship.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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Embrace exhibition through greener lifestyle at the

The Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition opened just two days before the May holiday, giving

the public a close-up view of state-of-the-art gardens created by horticulturists from around the world.

China hosted a similar exhibition in Kunming, Yunnan province, in 1

999. In the two decades since, the social and economic situations in China have unde

rgone tremendous changes. A growing awareness of environmental protection is one of them.

Two decades ago, the Chinese people embraced the Kunming horticu

ltural show as a novelty and curiosity because the countr

y at that time did not have many opportunities to host large international gatherings.

Economic development at the time was the top priority of the country,

which explains why the news media were so interested in reporting that 15 billion yu

an ($2.23 billion) in economic and trade deals were inked during the exhibition.

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Using a variety of advanced technologies-augmente

 reality, artificial intelligence, virtual reality and human-computer interaction-scenes are create

d based on ancient Chinese classics, such as the Classic of Mountains and Seas, in which mythical an

imals appear in forests, lightning flashes, thunder rumbles, wind blows and rain pours.

Visitors can experience primeval nature in a part of the exhibition developed by the Beijing World Horticultural Expo Co

ordination Bureau and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Automation.

In addition, visitors can experience what it’s like to ride in an autonomous vehicle. Three driv

erless vehicles developed by Baidu-two with eight seats and one with four seats-offer rides in the park.

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m are becoming increasingly fierce. We must

 adamantly safeguard the contemporary international order that was foun

ded by the UN and that brought about more than 70 years of general peace and rapid de

velopment after World War II. We must oppose a Cold War mentality and competitive rivalry, which go against the ti

de. We must firmly promote economic globalization, and prompt it to develop in a more inclusive, mutually beneficial, equ

itable and rational direction so as to realize a common prosperity and progress of humanity.

Third, we should be disseminators of Chinese civilization. Many pundits in the contemporary world think that China’s trad

itional culture contains important answers to resolving difficult problems of today’s world. A nation’s most profound spiritual

pursuits are deposited in its culture. China’s development path is rooted in its civilization and traditions.

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